There has been a discernible warming shift since 1900 in the northern hemisphere.
There has been a pronounced increase in global temperature and precipitation in 10 and 30 years.
The incidence of drought, lethal heat and rising temperature of the water supply take place.
Prudent risk management would suggest limiting future cumulative emissions. While decarbonization is not the focus, decarbonization investments will need to be considered in parallel with adaptation investments, particularly in the transition to renewable energy. While adaptation is now urgent and there are many adaptation opportunities, climate science tells us that further warming and risk increase can only be stopped by achieving zero net greenhouse gas emissions. The next decade will be decisive, as decision makers fundamentally rethink the infrastructure, assets, and systems of the future, and the world collectively sets a path to manage the risk from climate change.